Four-toed SalamanderHemidactylium scutatum
- A small 6-8 cm salamander.
- The four-toed salamander is thin and reddish-brown in colour. The orange-coloured tail has a constriction, or groove, circling it just behind the rear legs.
- It has an immaculate white belly dotted with black spots.
- Look for four toes on each foot. All other terrestrial salamanders have five toes on each hind foot.
- The four-toed salamander is found in moss in bogs or under rocks and logs in mossy seepage areas and marshy woodlands.
- Males court females in the fall when wet weather in late September and October stimulates them to search for females.
- Females retain the male's sperm over the winter and migrate towards woodland ponds the following April in search of suitable egg laying sites.
- Each female lays about 25 eggs.
- This species has a discontinuous distribution in Ontario because of its specialized need for moss-fringed ponds in rich, damp woodlands.