Please be advised that our bird aviaries are closed!  

Your Toronto Zoo is committed to the health and safety of the animals in our care. We are taking proactive steps to protect our birds from Avian Influenza, and some birds may be off display.

Please note: Splash Island and Discovery Zone Washrooms are currently closed for renovations.

Location at the Zoo:
Region: Southeast Asia

Black Carp

The body of the black carp is brown to black in colour, elongated and covered with cycloid scales. The dark edge of these scales give the black carp a cross-hatched appearance similar to the grass carp. Black carp have a small toothless mouth; pharyngeal teeth in the throat are used for crushing and consuming mollusks. Over their 15 year lifespan black carp can grow up to 1.8 m in length and weight up to 35 kg.

Conservation Status: IUCN


An invasive species in North America, black carp is native to Eastern Asia from southern Russia to southern China and Vietnam


An invasive species in North America, black carp is native to the lower reaches of large rivers and lakes


Zooplankton, insect larvae and detritus as juveniles, mollusks as adults


Black carp reach maturity after approximately 6 years and spawn in the lower reaches of rivers and lakes, particularly in areas of high turbulence. Juveniles feed primarily on zooplankton switching to insect larvae and detritus over time and eventually feed mainly on mollusks as adults.


Strong pharyngeal teeth found in the throat allow the black carp to feed primarily on mollusks despite having a small, toothless mouth.

Threats to Survival:

Threats in the native range of the black carp include overfishing, pollution and river modifications such as dams, flood control devices and land reclamation for agriculture.