Alerts

Please note February 3rd to February 4th 2023, Zoomobile may be experiencing closures and delays due to weather and unforeseen circumstances.
Please note that due to the cold temperatures expected, the Conservation Carousel will be closed on Saturday, February 4.

Please also note our Zoomobile will now be taking an alternate route through the Eurasia Wilds and will no longer be travelling through the Eurasia Drive Thru.


Please note the following animals that may not be viewable at this time:

Americas Pavilion
Two-toed sloth, golden lion tamarin, white-faced saki, river otter, Eastern loggerhead shrike, and black-footed ferret are all currently not viewable due to habitat maintenance.

Eurasia Wilds
The Stellar Sea Eagles are currently not viewable.

Canadian Domain: 
Closed for the season.

African Savanna:
Some animals may not be viewable due to decreasing temperatures.

Kids Zoo
Closed for the season.


Saturday, February 25 - Move Your Paws for the Polar Bear Cause 5K/1K Run/Walk

Please be advised that your Toronto Zoo and Canada Running Series will be hosting the Move Your Paws for the Polar Bear Cause 5K/1K Run/Walk at the Zoo on February 25th to raise funds for the Toronto Zoo Wildlife Conservancy and polar bear conservation. 

Please note the following operational impacts:

  • For their well-being, some animals along the Move Your Paws route may be delayed going out on habitat in the morning. Guests may experience slight delays on other pathways as the run finishes and the race route is cleared. 
    • Tundra Trek: Caribou will not be visible and the path to the Caribou habitat will be closed for the entire day
  • Zoomobile: Begins operating at 11:45 am
Fish

Location at the Zoo:
Malayan Woods
Region: Indomalaya


Jumbo gourami

Reaches a maximum length of 60 cm, which makes this the largest fish in the family. The body is deep, strongly compressed, and covered with ctenoid scales (thin, round scales with comb like projections (ctenii) on the exposed edge). The pelvic fins are long; the dorsal fin is positioned on the posterior of the body. Males can be distinguished by the dorsal and anal fins, which are more pointed, whereas the females' fins are more rounded. Many males also develop a noticeable bump on the forehead which becomes enlarged as they age and also darkens in colour. In fully mature breeding males it is almost black. Juvenile fish are brownish-red in colour with thin vertical bands. The bright colouration fades with age, turning dull grey.

Conservation Status: IUCN




Distribution:

Southeast Asia. Believed to be endemic to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, and other East Indian Islands, but introduced to China, Philippines, etc. as a valued food fish.

Habitat:

Lives in ponds, swamps, and rivers.

Diet:

Gouramis are omnivorous; they eat a variety of plant and animal matter including aquatic weeds, fish, frogs, and earthworms.

Reproduction:

They are well known as bubble or froth nesters. The males build the nests by taking air bubbles in their mouths, where they are coated with mucus to help the bubbles adhere to one another. The bubbles are then blown out to create the bubble nest at the surface of the water, where oxygen levels are the highest. They add detritus such as sticks, leaves, and plants to the nest. Spawning take place in mid-water. Before the eggs sink to the bottom, the male places them in the nest and guards them until hatching.

Adaptation:

All gourami species have an auxiliary respiratory structure over each gill chamber called a labyrinth organ. This organ, which allows them to breathe air, is modified from the first gill arch, and consists of extensively folded, vascularized tissue. It occupies most of the gill chamber as well as an additional chamber above the gills. The gills of the gouramis are much reduced, and as a result, they will drown if they are not allowed access to the surface to breath air. The scientific term for fishes which need to breathe air is "obligate air breather". The labyrinth organ and bubble nest mode of reproduction are adaptations for living in stagnant tropical waters that typically have low oxygen levels. The name Osphronemus can be interpreted to mean "effective sense of smell", for in addition to the nares, the long ray of the pectoral fins acts as chemical sensors.

Threats to Survival:

Possibly man, as it is prized as a food fish.