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Regions > Indo-Malaya > Bighead Carp

Bighead Carp

Location at the Zoo: Indo-Malaya



Region:

Southeast Asia

Class:

Actinopterygii

Order:

Cypriniformes

Family:

Cyprinidae

Genus:

Hypophthalmichthys

Scientific Name:

Hypophthalmichthys nobilis

Description

: True to its name, the bighead carp has a large head and a large, toothless mouth. Unlike black and grass carp, bighead carp eyes are located very low on the head, below the central axis of the body. Grey with dark, irregular blotches, bighead carp can live over 16 years, reach 1.5 m in length and weigh up to 40 kg.

Distribution

: An invasive species in North America, black carp is native to Eastern China and far eastern Russia

Habitat

: Bighead carp are active in cold water and occur in large rivers and lakes with slow moving water. Easily adaptable to temperate freshwater environments.

Food

: Zooplankton, detritus and small invertebrates

Reproduction and Development

: Bighead carp mature at approximately 2-3 years of age and spawn in a variety of habitats including slow moving rivers and lakes.

Adaptations

: A very hardy species and tolerant to temperatures from 4-26oC, bighead carp can adapt to many temperate freshwater environments. Bighead carp also lack a true stomach causing them to eat constantly. Long, comb-like gill rakers allow the bighead carp to strain and consume planktonic organisms from the water.

Threats to Survival

: Threats in the native range of the bighead carp include overfishing and river modifications such as dams, flood control devices and land reclamation for agriculture.

Status

: IUCN Data Deficient; CITES; Not Listed

Zoo Diet

: Vegetable gelatine, krill, shrimp, vitamin, mineral and amino acid supplements

To learn more about the threat of Asian carps in Canada visit www.asiancarp.ca or http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/science/environmental-environnement/ais-eae/species/asian-carp-fact-sheet-eng.html

Bighead & Grass Carp Images: © Shedd Aquarium/Brenna Hernandez

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