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Regions > Australasia > Brownbanded bamboo shark

Brownbanded bamboo shark

Location at the Zoo: Australasia



Region:

Australasia

Class:

Chondrichthyes

Order:

Orectolobiformes

Family:

Hemiscylliidae

Genus:

Chiloscyllium

Scientific Name:

Chiloscyllium punctatum

Description

: Adults up to 120 cm in length. They have a moderately slender body and a greatly elongated, thick precaudal tail. The mouth is in front of the eyes with spiracles below and behind the eyes. The snout is rounded anteriorly and barbels (sensory organs) hang from each nostril. Both dorsal fins are of equal size. The origin of the first dorsal fin is above the anterior halves of the pelvic fin bases. The origin of the anal fin is behind the free rear end of the second dorsal fin. The young are covered with wavy dark transverse bands and are sometimes peppered with brown spots. As the young mature, they lose their patterns and become a uniform brownish-grey colour, lighter on the underside and around the gill slits.

Distribution

: Indo-West Pacific: India, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Japan, Philippines, and northern Australia.

Habitat

: Tropical marine: reef dweller in shallow pools and ledges close to reefs in shallow waters, often in tidepools.

Food

: Invertebrates and crustaceans, such as crabs and shrimp, mollusks, such as octopus, and small fishes.

Reproduction and Development

: Bamboo sharks are egg layers (Oviparous). Their eggs are enclosed in elongated, transparent, flattened egg-cases. Hatching can take up to four months, at which point the hatchlings are 13 to 17 cm (total length). Males have claspers that are located under the anal fins and these become more pronounced as they grow older.

Adaptations

: The family of sharks share many common characteristics such as having cartilage instead of bone, gill slits that have no protective flaps (unlike many other fish), as well as no swim bladder. Instead of a swim bladder, they have a larger (fatty) liver to help achieve neutral buoyancy. The brownbanded bamboo shark is nocturnal. They can survive up to 12 hours out of water enabling them to survive if a tidepool dries up. Their sensory barbels look like whiskers, giving them the common name of “Cat shark”.

Threats to Survival

: Overfishing for human consumption of their meat and fins. In addition, destructive fishing methods on coral reefs have contributed to habitat loss.

Status

: IUCN: Near Threatened; CITES: Not listed

Zoo Diet

: Fish gelatin, beef heart gelatin, scallops, shrimp, and filet of sole.


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